MK Avi Dicter is the member of Knesset from the Likud party. He is a Chairman of the Subcommittee for cyber security. Avi is a former Israel Minister of Public Security, Minister of Home Front Defense, and former Director of the Israel Security Agency (also known as the Shin Bet).
Born in 1952 in Israel to parents who survived the Holocaust, Mr. Dicter served in the Israel Defense Forces elite commando unit (known as Sayeret Matkal), and then (in 1974) joined the Israel Security Agency (ISA) where he advanced up the ranks from air marshal to Director of the Agency. He held the latter position from 2000-2005, a period of significant Palestinian terrorist activity against Israel (known as the Al-Aqsa Intifada or Second Intifada).
Mr. Dicter is credited with reforming the ISA to effectively deal with this challenge, leading to a dramatic reduction in the number of terrorist attacks and to a restoration of public morale and safety. During this period, Mr. Dichter also planned the West Bank security barrier with then Prime Minister Ariel Sharon.
In the ISA, he served as director of the Southern District (Gaza Strip), as director of the Security and Protection Division (a position he took on immediately after the assassination of the late Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin), as Deputy Director of the Agency, and as Director (appointed by Prime Minister Ehud Barak).
As Minister of Public Security, Mr. Dicter built Israel's Witness Protection Program, and formed a national crime fighting modeled after the FBI. He also led and signed cooperation agreements with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, with Canada's Ministry of Public Safety, and with countries in the E.U.
MK Dicter holds a BA in Social Sciences from Bar-Ilan University, and an Executive MBA from Tel Aviv University. He also served as a research fellow at the Brookings Institute in Washington, D.C. He speaks Hebrew, Arabic and English fluently. In the last years he was the volunteer chairman of the Foundation for the Benefit of the Holocaust Victims in Israel.